woman undergoing back pain massage

An Overview of Lower Back Pain

The lower back or lumbar spine is a well-built frame of interconnected bones, nerves, joints, ligaments, and muscles. All these organs work together and maintain harmony to empower the human body with support, flexibility, and strength. However, this structure of the lumbar spine is complex, and it is prone to getting easily injured. Any injury in this area can cause mild to severe lower back pain. In these cases, you may need to consult an experienced physiologist. These days, finding a trusted physio on the Northern Beaches is not a challenging task.
No one knows when an injury may cross your way and affect you with lower back pain. This is why gathering relevant knowledge about lower back pain is essential. Keep reading this blog to learn about types, symptoms, consequences, and treatments.

Different types of back pain

Lower back pain can be divided into many types. Among them, the two most common types are:

Mechanical pain

Pain in muscles, ligaments, and joints (including facet and sacroiliac joints), is called mechanical pain. This type of pain can be stretched to the lower back, buttocks, and even the top of the legs. Loading of the spine may trigger this kind of pain and the severity may be varied depending on motion, standing, sitting, resting, and other activity.

Radicular pain

When a spinal nerve gets inflamed, radicular pain takes place. It follows dermatome under the buttock or legs. It is a sharp pain that feels like an electric or burning sensation. Some people associate it with numbness or weakness as well. This pain has a unique characteristic. Usually, it is felt on only one side of the body. To deal with this type of pain, you may need to consult a physio in Collaroy.
Apart from these, there are many additional sources of pain, such as claudication pain, myelopathic pain, deformity, infections, neuropathic pain, etc. Some people develop lower back pain that does not have any specific cause. In such cases, the initial focus is given to treating the symptoms rather than the cause of the symptoms.

Different Symptoms of back pain

• A dull and aching pain
• Pain reaches the buttocks, legs, and feet
• Pain increases after prolonged sitting
• Pain reduces for changing positions
• Pain increases after waking up and reduces after moving around

Diagnostic process

Before starting an exam, the healthcare centre will ask you for providing correct information regarding symptoms and medical history. It may look for the following information:

Details about current symptoms

When does the pain get worse or better in the day? How far does the pain extend? Are you experiencing other symptoms at the same time? Is the pain dull, sharp, achy, hot, or stinging? This information will help the pathologist identify the problem.

Level of activity

Is your lifestyle extremely active or sedentary? For instance, do you work sitting at a desk for long? If yes, how long do you work this way? It will help the healthcare professional to determine the severity of the pain.

Sleep habit

How many hours do you sleep? What sleep position do you prefer? What kind of pillow are you using? Sleep habits can also help determine the cause of the pain so that the cause can be treated.


Do you feel comfortable in any particular posture? If yes, what is that posture? Posture can also hint at the cause behind the lower back pain


Did you have any recent injuries? Or did you have any past injury? Sometimes past injuries can also be relevant to lower back pain.
Even a physio on the Northern Beaches can also ask you these questions before providing physiotherapy as this information can help to understand the reason behind the pain.

Common treatments for lower back pain

Sometimes basic home remedies work for curing mild or acute pain caused by muscle strain. Some of these remedies are:
• Complete rest
• Activity modification as suggested by a licensed physio in Collaroy/Northern Beaches or your doctor
• Heat or ice therapy (whatever the specialist will suggest considering your current situation)
• Recommended exercises
• Over the counter pain modification

Treatment for severe cases

If the doctors find that your case is severe, they may choose muscle relaxants treatment or narcotic pain modification treatment. Epidural steroid injections can also be used in some cases. In some critical cases, surgery can also be prescribed.
If you are experiencing lower back pain, first, you need to determine what is causing the pain so that you can treat the cause. For mild pain, your doctor may ask you to consult a physio on the Northern Beaches like FlexiFit Physiotherapy. If things get complicated, your doctor may opt for alternative treatments or surgery. However, ignorance may lead you to further issues down the track. So, you should never ignore back pain. If you are feeling lower back pain constantly, visit a doctor immediately.

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FlexiFit Physiotherapy
FlexiFit Physiotherapy
108 Google reviews
Gabrielle Delamont
Gabrielle Delamont
For the past few months I have had the pleasure of receiving physiotherapy treatment from Tessa at FlexiFit Physiotherapy in Collaroy for an ongoing neck & back issue, and I must say it has been an exceptional experience. From the moment I walked into the clinic, I was greeted with a warm and friendly atmosphere, which immediately put me at ease. Tessa demonstrated a high level of professionalism and expertise throughout my sessions. She took the time to thoroughly assess my condition, listening attentively to my concerns and addressing them with the utmost care. Her extensive knowledge and understanding of the human body were evident in her ability to accurately diagnose and develop a personalised treatment plan tailored to my specific needs. What truly impressed me was Tessa’'s ability to explain complex concepts in a clear and concise manner. She patiently guided me through each step of the treatment process, ensuring that I understood the purpose and benefits of each exercise or technique. This not only empowered me to actively participate in my own recovery but also instilled a sense of trust and confidence in her abilities. I am delighted to say that thanks to Tessa's expertise and guidance, I have experienced significant improvement in my condition. Her holistic approach, combining manual therapy, exercise prescription, and education, has not only alleviated my pain but also equipped me with the tools to prevent future injuries. I highly recommend FlexiFit Physio to anyone in need of physiotherapy services. Their professionalism, expertise, and genuine care for their patients make them an outstanding practitioner in their field. I am very grateful for the positive impact they have had on my health and well-being.
Jayel March
Jayel March
I can’t recommend the team at Flexifit highly enough! I’ve had chronic shoulder problems for 2 years and seen other specialists which hadn’t solved the problem. Tessa at Flexifit sourced the problem and after the first session, my shoulders were sitting aligned - the first time that’s happened in 2 years. I felt validated with the pain I was in and feel so much more positive about my treatment pathway with Flexifit.
Patricio Servat
Patricio Servat
Georgia’s brilliant and excels in all the areas I want from a physio - diagnosing/figuring out the prob, massage and physical work, and then exercises to do at home to help long term. Worth the 40 minute drive!
vanessa matulin
vanessa matulin
I've been seeing Georgia and Tessa from FlexiFit for the last year, and they have both been outstanding. They are caring, compassionate and highly skilled. They have assisted me with managing multiple injuries and I've referred several members of my family who are equally impressed with their services! Thank you, Georgia and Tessa, you guys are amazing!
Mitchell Veitch
Mitchell Veitch
Great experience helping with my ACL recovery, would recommend
I can commend Georgia and Tessa for their excellent hands-on approach. So many physios nowadays are often hands-off, so being treated at FF has been a refreshing change 🙌🏻
Kirsten Alexander
Kirsten Alexander
Georgia and Tessa are both friendly and professional and have helped fix my injuries and get me moving again. They are very hands on and I highly recommend them
Danielle de Gail
Danielle de Gail
The girls at FlexiFit are simply amazing. So kind, friendly, understanding and knowledgeable. They know exactly what my body needs. My neck pain has improved dramatically since going here. Love my visits!
Meil's Curic
Meil's Curic
The team at FlexiFit Physio are exceptional practitioners who genuinely care about the outcomes for their clients. When you book with Georgia or Tessa you know you have their full attention for the session, they are not juggling multiple clients and their hands on therapeutic approach is seamless and extremely effective to reduce pain and enable progression from injury. I can not recommend them more highly. Thanks guys!
Julia Fujikawa
Julia Fujikawa
My experience at FlexiFit Physiotherapy has been truly exceptional, and I would wholeheartedly recommend both Georgia and Tessa to anyone in search of effective support for managing persistent pain conditions. Both Georgia and Tessa have been integral to my journey in addressing both acute knee pain and long-standing issues with back pain, tension headaches, and migraines. In the past, my interactions with healthcare professionals haven't always yielded lasting results. However, the level of attentiveness and authentic care they've shown for my overall well-being and the underlying causes of my pain are clearly reflected in their hands-on approaches, follow- up care and advice and healing strategies. I feel so lucky to have found this practice.