Sometimes the median nerve encounters compression when it goes through the hand. This physical condition is known as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or CTS. The median nerve is located on the palm of the hand, which creates a sensation in the thumb, index finger, partial ring finger, and long finger. It is responsible for instilling impulses in the muscles going to the thumb. CTS can happen on any hand. In some cases, swelling in the wrist makes compression in CTS. As an outcome, one may feel numbness, weakness, and tingling on the side of the hand near the thumb. Many people suffering from CTS tend to visit quality physios on the Northern Beaches. If you want to delve into the details about CTS, such as definition, causes, identification of CTS, and treatments, you need to keep reading this post!
What is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or CTS?
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or CTS is a health condition that runs down the front of the forearm. It runs through a tunnel in the wrist where it is being compressed. Such compression causes pain, numbness, or tingling. Generally, overloading the wrist, and wrist fractures or pregnancy can create such a situation. CTS is a common compressive neuropathy that engages the arms. people belonging to some specific occupations are prone to develop CTS more than other people. It has a prevalence of 3 to 4% and it is most common between the ages of 40 to 60. Women are more likely to develop CTS than men.
What may Cause CTS?
You may feel pain in the carpal tunnel because of the extreme pressure on the median nerve. Inflammation causes swelling and sometimes it can prevent blood from flowing. A few common conditions reported by CTS patients are:
- Fluid retention during pregnancy or menopause
- Autoimmune disorders including rheumatoid arthritis
- Thyroid dysfunction
- High blood pressure
- Fractures or trauma to the wrist
The situation can further deteriorate if the wrist is continuously overextended. Repetition of motion of your wrist causes contribution to swell and compression of the median nerve. Some reasons working behind CTS are:
- Placing your wrists at the time of using the mouse or keyboard
- Long-time exposure to vibrations from using hand tools or power tools
- Repented body movement that can overextend wrist (for instance playing piano or typing something on keyboard)
How to Detect CTS?
A few things should be considered while assessing a patient for CTS:
- Medical history of the patient
- Clinical symptoms
- Changes in dimensions of the hands
- Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire or BCQT
When it comes to assessing CTS, Electrography or ENG must be considered. It is a nerve conduction study, which identifies CTS accurately. It shows the size and character and determines the different stages of the disease. This method is based on examining the median nerve and the muscle groups it innervates as CTS sometimes comes with a remarkable reduction in muscle performance and strength. Ultrasound imagery has lower sensitivity than ENG. It is faster and cheaper than ENG. but it cannot beat ENG in terms of perfection.
Available Treatments for CTS
Scientists found the utilisation of manual treatment on different pieces of the hand and wrist can assist with further developing the side effects connected with CTS.
Specialists that evaluated physiotherapy viability on CTS clients – express that members with CTS had diminished middle nerve versatility. This absence of versatility originates from the flexor retinaculum (sheath across the wrist) that packs the middle nerve as well as their veins. This pressure over the long run can prompt the development of edema and scar tissue which diminishes the portability of adjoining tissues further. Inside these examinations, genuinely higher nerve versatility was found in those members who had CTS and had gotten brain preparation treatment.
Remarkably, yoga can be a helpful treatment for CTS. The system was completed for quite a long time and comprised of extending, reinforcing, and adjusting the upper appendages alongside unwinding yoga strategies. The outcomes reasoned that those in the yoga bunch had genuinely critical enhancements in both agony scores and hold strong as well as giving more negative Phalen’s indication on nerve testing following the yoga system. The creators recommended that extending might assist with alleviating strain in the wrist, a further developed stance might decrease discontinuous pressure, and further developing the bloodstream might have the chemically affected nerve.
Apart from these, some exercises can also help you get rid of CTS. If you are suffering from this health issue, please contact FlexiFit Physiotherapy, Northern Beaches experienced physios servicing suburbs like Cromer, Narrabeen, Dee Why and Collaroy. Our personalised treatment options may help you recover sooner or enable a healthier lifestyle enduring less pain.